Methodology Used in Ecological Momentary Assessment Studies About Sedentary Behavior in Children, Adolescents, and Adults: Systematic Review Using the Checklist for Reporting Ecological Momentary Assessment Studies

Background: The use of ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to
measure sedentary behavior (SB) in children, adolescents, and
adults can increase the understanding of the role of the context of
SB in health outcomes. Objective: The aim of this study was to
systematically review literature to describe EMA methodology used
in studies on SB in youth and adults, verify how many studies
adhere to the Methods aspect of the Checklist for Reporting EMA
Studies (CREMAS), and detail measures used to assess SB and this
associated context. Methods: A systematic literature review was
conducted in the PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, PsycINFO,
Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL),
and SPORTDiscus databases, covering the entire period of existence
of the databases until January 2018. Results: This review presented
information about the characteristics and methodology used in 21
articles that utilized EMA to measure SB in youth and adults. There
were more studies conducted among youth compared with adults, and
studies of youth included more waves and more participants (n=696)
than studies with adults (n=97). Most studies (85.7%) adhered to
the Methods aspect of the CREMAS. The main criteria used to measure
SB in EMA were self-report (81%) with only 19% measuring SB using
objective methods (eg, accelerometer). The main equipment to
collect objective SB was the ActiGraph, and the cutoff point to
define SB was
Source: All – Medical Journals
Methodology Used in Ecological Momentary Assessment Studies About Sedentary Behavior in Children, Adolescents, and Adults: Systematic Review Using the Checklist for Reporting Ecological Momentary Assessment Studies