DOCTORS and nurses really do see it all – as some of this year’s strangest medical cases certainly prove.
There was a man who coughed up a blood clot in the exact shape of a lung, a man who lived with a spoon in his oesophagus for a year and a woman who had a parasitic worm wriggling around her face.
Then there are just the plain bizarre cases that involved s*x toys, shower heads and all manner of things you wouldn’t want happening down there.
So as the year draws to a close let’s look back at some of the weirdest case reports from 2018…
1. The man who coughed up a lung
A man who went into hospital with heart problems ended up literally coughing up a lung.
The 36-year-old was admitted to University of California San Francisco Medical Center with heart failure.
A man, 36, coughed up part of his lung (pictured) after being sent to hospital with heart failure[/caption]
The patient had a pacemaker fitted due to a history of poor cardiovascular health, according to the New England Journal of Medicine.
During his first week of treatment he began coughing violently, according to reports.
During such a coughing fit he hawked up blood clot in the shape of a bronchial tree – a series of tubes that distribute air to the lungs.
The unnamed patient died a week later.
2. The man with a spoon in his throat for a year
This picture has to be seen to be believed, but a man lived with a spoon in his oesophagus for a year.
The man, from China, swallowed the spoon on a dare, according to Live Science.
It got stuck in his oesophagus but didn’t cause him any pain, so he left it.
It wasn’t until he was punched in the chest a year later than he began experiencing chest pains and trouble breathing as the spoon had moved.
It took doctors at Xinjiang Meikuang General Hospital two hours to remove the spoon.
3. The woman with a parasitic worm wriggling around her face
A bizarre lump that appeared on a woman’s face was actually a parasitic worm crawling under her skin.
The Russian woman first noticed the lump under her left eye but in a few days it had moved.
The woman tracked the small lump taking selfies every time it moved.
Her first picture shows it just below her left eye, but five days later the worm had crawled to above her eye.
Ten days after the first noticed it the worm had crawled all the way down into her lip, causing it to swell up.
The 32-year-old then went to see an eye doctor who noticed the lump was moving around the upper left eyelid, according to the report in the New England Journal of Medicine.
Tests confirmed the woman was infected with a parasitic worm that naturally infects dogs, cats, foxes and other wild mammals and it was surgically removed.
4. The man who ‘caught mad cow disease’ after eating squirrel brains
A man died after catching a rare form of mad cow disease from eating squirrel brains.
The 61-year-old experienced cognitive decline and lost touch with reality before he was brought to hospital in 2015, according to a new report on his case.
Scans of his head revealed Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD), a fatal brain condition caused by infectious proteins called prions.
The hunting fan, from New York, reportedly ate squirrel brains, which could have triggered the condition.
5. The man who couldn’t pee for four days after a kinky spanking session
The unnamed 61-year-old turned up at hospital covered in red lacerations and bruises across his bum and thighs after being hit more than 1,000 times with a wooden cane and whip.
He told doctors at the Klinikum Stuttgart Hospital in Germany that the BDSM session lasted 30 minutes, and that he was struck while being tied down to a wooden bench.
Medics believe blunt force trauma to his kidneys and a surge of creatine in his bloodstream caused his symptoms, according to the British Medical Journal case report.
The day after his fetish session, the man, who enjoys BDSM on a regular basis, noticed he couldn’t pee at all.
Three days later he spotted blood in his urine and went to hospital.
Doctors told the man they believe the force of the spanks caused a build up of tension in his muscles, which caused bleeding in his kidneys.
After four days his kidneys “spontaneously” began to produce normal amounts of urine again – and his creatine levels returned to normal.
The patient said the experience didn’t put him off BDSM.
6. The boy whose head was pierced by a meat skewer
You’d think anything going through ones skull would be enough to cause some serious damage.
But this boy had a lucky escape after his skull was pierced by a meat skewer.
The skewer went through the 10-year-old’s face and into his head.
The boy, Xavier Cunningham of Missouri, was playing in a treehouse when wasps attacked him, causing him to fall off the treehouse ladder and onto a rotisserie skewer that he and his friends had placed in the ground, local news outlet KCTV reported.
Scans showed the skewer had gone through his head to the back of his neck, completely missing critical areas like his brain and nerves.
Doctors were able to remove the skewer and he made a quick recovery.
7. World’s hottest chilli causes a thunderclap headache
One bloke ended up in A&E suffering “thunderclap” headaches after eating the world’s hottest chilli pepper.
The unnamed man began dry heaving as soon as he swallowed the Carolina Reaper pepper.
His pain was so severe he rushed to hospital, where concerned doctors tested him for a number of neurological conditions.
But when those tests came back negative, the patient was sent for a CT scan.
It showed several arteries in the man’s brain had narrowed, making it harder for blood to flow through.
Doctors diagnosed him with thunderclap headaches, caused by reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) – that’s narrowed arteries to you and me.
RCVS is temporary, and causes sudden narrowing of the blood vessels.
As a result, a sufferer is left with a drop in blood flow to the brain, and a surging headache.
8. The woman with parasites living in her spine
A woman who kept falling over and felt tingling in her legs was shocked to discover the cause.The 35-year-old ended up in hospital where medics scanned her spine.
To their surprise, they found tapeworm larvae wriggling around the patient’s vertebrae.
The French woman, who is not named, arrived at hospital complaining of suffering what felt like “electric shocks” running down her legs.
A scan showed a lesion at her 9th vertebra – in the middle of her spine.
Surgeons investigated and found the lesion was in fact tapeworm larvae, caused by an infection of Echinococcus granulosus – a small tapeworm found in dogs and some farm animals.
9. The man who ‘slipped and fell’ onto a 6-inch shower head
The man had a 6-inch hand-held shower head removed from his bum after he “accidentally slipped” in the bathroom.
The 26-year-old, from India, had to detach the PVC pipe connecting the shower head to the wall to get to hospital.
Upon admission to Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital and Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research in New Delhi the man denied he had put the shower head there himself.
His vitals were stable and there was no evidence of blood in his rectum, according to the BMJ case report.
Scans revealed the shower head was six inches deep into the man’s pelvis, but had not caused any internal damage.
The man was put under general anaesthesia while doctors removed the object.
10. The woman who lost her contact lens… and found it behind her eye 28 years later
The now 42-year-old assumed the contact lens had fallen out, but in fact it had moved behind her eye – yet didn’t cause any symptoms for years.
Then suddenly, six months before doctors discovered the lens, the unnamed woman started experiencing pain and swelling behind her eye.
It appeared the size of a pea to start with, but still didn’t causing any discomfort. Quickly it began to grow larger and became painful to touch.
She was referred to an eye specialist at NHS Teeside by her GP, but the cause of the swelling remained a mystery.
An MRI of the eye showed a cyst behind her left eye and she required surgery to remove it.
It was during the surgery that doctors realised the cyst was a hard contact lens.
Then her mother remembered that she was hit in the eye with a shuttlecock while playing badminton when she was 14 and her contact lens was lost.
11. The man whose willy began to rot after an allergic reaction to ‘extend pleasure’ condoms
You can’t blame a man for trying to get the most out of his s*x life.
But for one poor bloke, his quest for a mind-blowing bonk ended up backfiring in a horrendous way.
To help him “last longer” between the sheets, the unnamed 30-year-old tried a new brand of condom that promised “extended-pleasure”.
But pleasure quickly turned to pain when he suffered an allergic reaction.
The man went to King George’s Medical University in Lucknow, India after his penis began to swell up, became painful and parts turned black.
The new brand of condoms contained a topical medication, benzocaine.
The doctors noted: “Benzocaine as a local anaesthetic suspending agent is used in extended-pleasure latex condoms for prolonging the duration of s****l intercourse and to decrease premature ejaculation.”
He developed contact dermatitis after using them.
12. When doctors had to invent a new tool to remove a 23 inch s*x toy
Doctors had to improvise when this unlucky man went to hospital.
The unnamed man turned up at A&E with a 23 inch dildo lodged inside him, having struggled to remove the toy at home.
Deciding he needed expert help, the red-faced 31-year-old went to hospital 24 hours after the dildo became stuck.
He told doctors he was suffering from mild abdominal pain, but other than that had no symptoms that were causing concern.
Doctors at ASST Great Metropolitan Hospital in Niguarda, Italy, tried to remove the dildo using standard techniques, where a tube and grabbing device is inserted, but nothing worked.
Stuck for ideas on how to remove the dildo, the quick-thinking medics invented a new tool, using medical wire to latch on to it and pull it out.
Threading the wire through a catheter tube to create a “noose” at the end, they were able to insert the tube into the man’s colon and reach the s*x toy.
The noose of wire was then looped around the dildo, like a lasso, and tightened until doctors had enough grip to pull it out.
13. The man who ruptured his throat sneezing
A MAN was rushed to hospital after blasting a hole in the back of his throat when he tried to stifle a sneeze by closing his mouth and holding his nose.
The 34-year-old spent a week in hospital, barely able to speak or swallow, after the sneeze.
But experts have said the man, who has not been identified, was lucky not to have suffered worse injuries.
And they warned holding your nose and closing your mouth when you sneeze might seem the polite – and most hygienic – thing to do, but it could prove dangerous.
Scans showed the man’s throat had ruptured at the base of his skull[/caption]
The patient had been previously fit and well before presenting at A&E complaining he was finding it extremely painful to swallow, and could barely speak.
Doctors examined the man, and heard crackling sounds in his neck, all the way down to his ribcage.
The noises were a sign that air bubbles had found their way into the deep tissue and muscles of the chest.
After a CT scan, specialists discovered the man had ruptured his pharynx.
After seven days, the patient was well enough to be sent home, but doctors warned him never to block both nostrils when he sneezed again.
14. The man whose penis fell off
A man’s penis fell off after he ignored the signs of cancer that caused it to rot away.
The 82-year-old from India was referred to hospital with a wound on his genital region 15 days after first seeking help.
He initially went to a primary care clinic where he told doctors he had an ulcer on his penis that developed 12 months ago and hadn’t disappeared.
The patient also suffered from severe swelling and skin shedding for several months before seeing a doctor.
But two weeks later he was sent to hospital as his pain worsened and the the ulcer on his penis caused it to fall off.
“Clinical examination revealed almost complete loss of phallus,” Dr Gaurav Garg, from King George’s Medical University in India, wrote in the BMJ case report.
Tests on the “residual penile stump” revealed the man had squamous cell carcinoma, a type of skin cancer
15. The man who had ‘megarectum’ that nearly killed him
The man almost died after his bowel became so full with poo it burst and caused his organs to start shutting down.
The 24-year-old was taken to hospital after suffering with tummy pain and diarrhoea for a week.
The patient, who was autistic, had a history of chronic constipation and had been admitted to hospital a number of times over the last four years.
Examination showed he had a tender, swollen abdomen with minimal bowel sounds.
MORE CASE REPORTS
His rectum had dilated up to 18cm inside his body and was “filled with faeces”, according to the BMJ case report.
Two days later he returned to Newham University Hospital in London suffering inflammation in the stomach and reduced consciousness.
Further tests revealed his blood was becoming too acidic and his kidneys were starting to fail.
A second CT scan found a “substantial perforation” of his bowel and he was rushed into surgery where doctors were able to close the tear.
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